Most common asked plumbing questions and answers:
1) How to stop water leak?
- There are many ways to stop a water leak you can use putty or duct tape. If you use putty make sure to put putty all the way around the pipe, pushing it into the leak to seal the hole. If you just cover the hole with putty,the water pressure may simply blow the putty off the pipe. If you use Duct Tape wrap it as tightly as you can around the pipe several times in order to create a tight seal.
2) How do you turn up the heat on a water heater?
- Make sure there are no open flames before adjusting water heater. Then locate the dial which should be in front of the water heater. Move the dial from the warm to the hot side. Wait a couple hours, then check the water temperature.
3) How to stop running toilet?
- If your toilet won’t stop running this means that the fill valve in the tank needs to be adjusted. To adjust the water level in the tank: Turn the screw on top of the fill valve* to adjust the float in the tank so the toilet stops filling approximately 1” below the top of the overflow tube.
4) How to unclog a main line?
- First you want to loosen the cap on the drain pipe and then open the cap and let it drain out. Run the auger cable into the drain pipe until the clog is cleared. Hose down the pipe and auger cable and pull the auger out of the pipe.
5) How to fix a leaky water heater?
- Locate the leak , see when a leak occurs, check if the water heater is losing pressure.
6) Average price for water heaters in las Vegas?
- Electric water heaters $300 – $700
- Tankless electric water heaters $250- $700
- Tankless gas water heaters $200- $1,300.
7) Can you install a garbage disposal on any sink?
- You can install a disposal in a single sink or on a double sink.
8) Do you need a permit to install a water heater?
- Yes you will need a permit to replace a water heater.
9) What are the signs of a broken sewer line?
- easily clogged drains
- soggy spots on the yard
- bad odors
10) Why should I hire a professional licensed plumber?
- If you hire a licensed plumber they are experts and can tell your home’s existing layout. You can let the plumber know your plans and for your home. A licensed plumber can let you know matters outside of your home etc.
11) Do plumbers give free estimates?
- Yes plumbers give free estimates depending on the job.
12) How to clean a stoppage in a sink?
- Before you call a plumber you can try using this tips and tricks to unclog that drain; Boiling water, check your garbage disposal a clogged disposal can stop up the drain, so run the disposal to see if that clears the clog, salt and boiling water, vinegar and baking soda, baking soda and salt, you may also use a plunger, also check your p-trap clean if necessary, also you can use a plumbers snake and lastly you can use a coat hanger.
13) How much does it cost for a plumber to fix a leak?
- Plumbers charge $45- $150 per hour with a service fee of $50- $100. Repairs such as unclogging a toilet or fixing a leaky faucet range from $125 – $350. Repairing the plumbing on a pipe leak can range from $500- $800.
14) Why are plumbers so expensive?
- Plumbing is a highly specialized trade requiring many hours to master. Plumbers make house calls meaning they spend time and money investing in vehicles, tools, equipment and gas to bring to you. They also carry insurance and other overhead expenses.
15) How do you find a plumbing leak?
- Check your water meter, look at your usage and check your bills, check exterior usage and use common sense.
16) How do you find a water leak under concrete?
- Look for common signs of damage like your water bill going up, pooling water, or cracks in your foundation. To test if you have a leaky pipe, turn off any faucets and water-based appliances inside your house. Then, locate and turn off the main water shut-off valve.
17) How do you find a leak in an underground water line?
- Turn off the water using the shut-off valve. Find where your service line comes out of the ground and goes into your home, then find your water meter (look for a metal lid on a concrete box near the curb). Read the meter for a leak.
18) How much does it cost to repair a water service line?
- It can cost from $60- $200 per foot, or an average of $3,500- $20,00 per household.
19) Who do you call for a water leak?
- If you have a broken pipe or fixture out in the open, turn off the water to your home and call in a plumber immediately to come out and fix your problem.
20) How to install a garbage disposal?
- First turn off the circuit breaker to your kitchen, then get a bucket and place it under the P-trap and disconnect the drain pipes, remove the sink strainer and any excess putty. Apply plumber’s putty around the flange on the new drain and press it into place. Place a towel in the sink and set the disposal on the flange to keep it from moving. Underneath the sink, stack the fiber gasket, backup flange, and mounting ring, and slide onto the underside of the flange. Install the snap ring by pulling it open and snapping into place. Then tighten the screws firmly against the backup flange. Clean up any excess putty. To connect the dishwasher drain, use a hammer to remove the drain plug from the inlet on the disposal. Remove the wire cover plate and connect the electrical cord by matching the wire colors. Push the wires back in and reattach the plate. Connect the drain and insert the gasket in the discharge outlet. Then attach the discharge tube with the flange and bolts and hang the disposal by aligning the three tabs with the mounting ring. Use a wrench to turn and lock the tabs over the ridges. Then connect the dishwasher drain. Make sure the discharge pipe is lined up properly and connected to your drain pipes. Make sure you use a t-pipe before your p-trap. Lastly test your connections by placing the stopper into the sink drain and filling the sink with water. Check for leaks. Plug in the disposal, and turn on the power.
21) How to use plungers for sinks and toilets?
- Remove the pop up drain from the sink, use a wet rag and use it to seal up the sink overflow drain. Apply petroleum jelly to the bottom lip of the plunger.Run water in the sink. Place the plunger over the drain and plunge up and down several times in quick succession. Run more water in the sink, and repeat as needed. If it doesn’t clear the drain, remove the P-trap from under the sink and clean it out by hand.
22) What is the primary step to unclog blockage in the pipes?
- First and primary technique to unclog the blockage is to pour hot water through the pipes. If the blockage still remains, then you need to use other options.
23) What is referred as a building drain?
- The lowest point in a drainage system where the interior drainage pipe meet and are conveyed into the sewer is referred as Building Drain.
24) What is an angle stop?
- Angle stop is a shutoff valve between the water supply pipe and the fixture it supplies. It is used to shut off water to a fixture in case of failure, repair or leakage.
25) What Is pipe dope?
- A pipe dope is a pipe joint that is used to create a watertight seal.
26) What Is eductor?
- Eductor is a device that utilizes a nozzle and throat, fitted in a stream of water to build a partial vacuum to draw liquid or air into the stream; normally used to draw regeneration chemicals into an ion exchange water treatment system, like deionizer or softener.
27) Can clogged vents stop up drains?
- Yes and no. A toilet with no vent may not flush the contents out of the bowl, but any other drain will work without a vent. ( the code is that all fixtures shall be vented). Only twice in 15 years has the vents been the cause of a drain backup. In one case it was roofers who stuffed the old roofing material down the vents and the other was just a stray piece of wood. In both cases the material made its way down into the drain pipe and had to be removed. No amount of *vent cleaning* would have done any good.
28) Do unused drains dry up and get rough inside?
- Yes, drain pipes do dry out and get real rough. Will it clear up with use? Maybe.
29) How do I get a snake down a tub drain?
- To get a snake in the drain you take off the *overflow plate*. That’s the chrome thing on the tub wall with two screws. When you pull it out – two sections of the stopper mechanism will come with it. It’s hinged so it will bend through the hole. Chances are that hair caught on the end of this mechanism is clogging the drain- you might not even need to snake it. BTW – A snake will not go through the drain hole at the bottom of the tub.
30) How do I know if I have a broken water line outside my house?
- A broken water line out in the yard may include an excessively high water bill, puddles in your yard or the sound of running water when no faucets or appliances are using water. Blue Mountain can pinpoint the problem without needless trial and error destruction of working pipes. In many cases we can fix the problem right away and save you money.
31) Why do drains clog?
- Clogged drains can be the result of debris caught in your plumbing or you could be at the mercy of one of the strangest toilet clogs. Look under your sink to see if you have a P Trap valve. Place a bucket underneath your sink and unscrew the pipe. See if this was the location of the clog. Other ways that you can unclog a drain include using liquid drain cleaner, a plumbing snake, or a sink auger.
32) What is the meaning of low water pressure?
- Low water pressure is often related to other basic plumbing problems including clogged drains or leaky faucets. A quick fix can be to check the aerator on your faucets. Replace them if they show signs of calcium build-up that could be obstructing the proper flow of water.
33) How long does water heaters last?
- A water heater could last you anywhere between 5-13 years depending on usage and maintenance. In order to maximize the lifespan of your water heater, you should always maintain and fix any problems immediately. Drain your water heater at least once a year for best results.
35) Why does my water bill jump so high?
- If you notice your water bill sky-rocket from one month to the next, the first place that you will want to check is the bathroom. The bathroom consumes the majority of your monthly water expenses. An abnormally high water bill could be due to a leaky toilet.
36) Smelly odor coming from my shower?
- P Traps are installed under all drains to prevent foul odors from seeping up through your drain pipes. P Traps are shaped in a way that allows a small amount of water to remain in an elbow of the drain, preventing air from rising up through plumbing pipes and back into your home. Unused showers can sometimes emit an odor. To solve this, pour a bucket of water into the drain to refill your P Trap. This will solve the smelly odors coming from unused showers.
37) Why does my toilet bubble when my bathtub is draining?
- On rare occasions, your toilet will begin to bubble when you drain the bathtub. This happens when your septic tank is full or when roots have punctured plumbing pipes underground. This is one of the jobs that are best left to the professionals. Consult a plumber to solve this problem.
38) Should you turn off the water when you go on vacation?
- You should, the water system should be fine while you are away, but “should” and “will” are two different things. Just because no one will use the faucets while you’re gone doesn’t mean pipes won’t leak or burst. To prevent these types of scenarios, simply shut off the water to your home before you leave.
39) Where is my main shut off valve?
- If you’re reading this, you probably don’t know where to locate your main water shut-off valve. This piece of information is important to have, since you may need to shut off your water in a hurry during an emergency.It’s near the perimeter. Look around the inside perimeter of your home. It’s roughly 3 feet below ground level. If it’s in the basement, it will usually be eye level or lower. If it’s on the main floor, you’ll need to look down. It’s on the shortest route. Find your outdoor water meter and look for the nearest point of your home’s exterior. Water lines take the shortest path from the meter to the house. You should find the shut-off valve where the line and your house meet.
40) Why is water leaking through the ceiling from my light fixture?
- Often, walls and flooring hide small leaks, making them undetectable. The first detectable sign might be when the water finds its way through the floor into the light fixture. If this happens, you have a leak somewhere nearby. This is a common plumbing emergency. Follow these steps to correct it: Do not touch the light fixture or try to drain the water from it. Avoid using the fixture’s switch, too. Remember, water and electricity are not friends. Cut the power. Instead of turning off the light, go directly to your home’s breaker box and shut off the power. Cut the water. If you find the source of the water, such as an overflowing sink or washing machine, shut off the water supply there. If you aren’t sure where the source is, turn off the water supply at your home’s main shut-off valve. Call a professional. Contact a plumber to locate the leak and make repairs. Check with an electrician to determine if your light fixture is safe to use or should be replaced.
41) Why are my pipes banging when i use my appliance?
- Modern appliances often work so quickly they cause pipes to jerk as the water pressure changes. If the pipes are not fastened tightly, they may move around and cause banging noises. If this banging continues, it can wear out the pipes and cause damage. To prevent the pipes from banging, you can locate the pipes making the noise and add pipe straps to hold them in place. If you are unable to access the pipes, you can install water hammer arrestors. These shock absorbers cushion the change in water pressure, so the pipes don’t jerk and bang or call a plumber to diagnose the problem and install one of these solutions for you.
42) What is a well pump UV light used for?
- A well pump UV light is an effective method to treat water for bacterial organisms. The UV light kills 99.9 percent of biological contaminants, including bacteria, protozoa and viruses. UV light is an effective way to remove biological contaminants from the water entering your home.
43) Why do i have a sewer smell in my home?
- This smell is typically caused by sewer trap plugs, dried trap, or city sewer. Contact a plumber to check your drainage system for proper functioning.
44) When I flush the toilet it keeps running until I jiggle the handle. What should I do?
- It sounds as if the toilet flush handle gets stuck, causing the tank stopper to stay open. This allows the water in the tank to continuously flow into the bowl. Make an adjustment by oiling, tightening. or replacing the flush handle.
45) The hot water pipe to my kitchen sink is leaking. How do I make a quick repair?
- For a temporarily stop a small leak, break off a pencil point in the pipe hole and then wrap the pipe with three layers of plastic electrician’s tape, extending 3 inches on either side of the hole. You can also clamp a piece of rubber, such as an old rubber glove, over the leak. If it’s a major leak, though, turn off the water supply immediately at the main shutoff valve and replace the pipe.
46) How can I repair the faucet so it stops wasting my hot water?
- You can replace the valve seats with exact duplicates, using a valve seat wrench. If a worn valve seat can’t be removed, use a valve seat dresser to grind it until smooth.
47) Should we use plastic or copper pipe to install a new water softener in our system?
- Check your local plumbing code on plastic pipe. Some areas don’t allow it at all, and others allow it for everything but drinking water supply pipes. If permitted, plastic piping can be a good choice, because it’s less expensive easier to work with (to cut, join, and maneuver), self-insulating, and resistant to weather and corrosion.
48) I need to cut a new piece of copper pipe for the supply run to my sink. What are the best tools and techniques to use?
- It’s best to use a pipe cutter with a specially designed blade for copper pipe. You can also use a fine-toothed hacksaw, but making a straight cut with it is more difficult. After you’ve cut the pipe, clean off any burrs (inside or out) with a half-round file.
49) What’s the purpose of vent pipes?
- Each fixture needs a vent to get rid of sewer gas and prevent a buildup of pressure in the pipes.
50) If I add a second sink in the master bathroom, Can we extend the pipes that are already there?
- Yes, you can. You’ll need to tap into the existing supply, drain, and vent pipes, run new piping to the desired location, and hook up the new fixtures.
51) Can you give me some advice before I replace a worn-out toilet with a new one?
- Since a toilet is a major water guzzler in a home, choose one that conserves water. Buy a toilet that’s ready to install, with flush assembly in place. Most important, carefully measure the roughing-in distance and select a new toilet that will fit properly in the space.
52) What do I do if the trap under my kitchen sink has corroded through and started to leak?
- First empty the trap through the cleanout plug (if it has one) into a pail. Use a tape-wrapped wrench and counterclockwise force to remove the couplings at the tailpiece and drain pipe. Before installing a new trap, coat the threads of the connecting pipes with pipe joint compound or pipe-wrap tape to guard against leaks.
53) Why is water not draining out of our dishwasher?
- It could be a plugged strainer basket in the tub of the dishwasher, a dirty air gap or a dirty hose loop that vents the appliance.
54) What should the water pressure be in my home?
- It should be 40 to 60 pounds, 80 and up is too high and can cause problems with plumbing fixtures and water heater.
55) Is there any way I can maintain the shower pressure without the high pressure being on full heat?
- You have to change the valve to a pressure-balanced valve in order to eliminate the temperature variance.
56) Is there is a limitation to the type of shutoff valves that can be used underneath a kitchen sink?
- There is no code requirement as to specific type of shutoff. The type most frequently used is the angle valve, and with good reason. They are simple to install and come in different configurations, you can also use a ball or gate valves, threaded, sweated, or compression.
57) How does one map out where the drain lines are located before busting through the concrete?
- The best way would be to use a pipe camera.
58) How do I fix a jammed garbage disposal?
- Use an allen wrench (insert it into the bottom of the disposal) usually use to fix the jam. If that doesn’t work stop immediately, serious damage to your disposal motor and possibly your electrical system may happen. If a jam can’t be fixed by a plumbing professional the unit may have to be replaced.
59) How do I know If I have a broken water line?
- The most common signs of a broken water line are: water puddles in your yard, a water bill that’s much higher than normal, or the sound of running water when your faucets are off.
60) What causes low water pressure?
- Low pressure can be caused by a variety of things, including deposit buildups and other blockages. Ask your neighbors if their water pressure has also been affected.
61) What are the differences between hard and soft water?
- Soft water has fewer ions that can cause deposits and other buildup. Soft water, more so than hard water, which has higher concentrations of those ions, protects pipes and prevents buildup.
62) Can you vacuum flood water?
- Yes, if necessary, turn the water off, disconnect the power to the affected areas and unplug electronics and electric appliances. Also remove furniture and other portable items, take pictures and notes of the damage and personal losses.
63) How long will it take for mold to start growing after a flood?
- Mold after water damage can begin to grow in as little as 24 hours. It especially thrives in damp, dark environments but can begin to grow just about anywhere after a flood.
64) What causes water damage?
- Most common causes are: Leaking/burst pipes, plumbing issues, worn or faulty household appliances, HVAC units, clogged gutters, toilet overflows, sewage backups.
65) How can I tell if my pipes are frozen?
- Visible frost, slow and uneven water supply, leaks and damp walls.
66) Floor drain for the washer and dryer has a foul odor what does that mean?
- This type of drain odor typically indicates that you have a blocked branch line or vent.
67) Why is my hot water running out quickly?
- Here’s a couple of reasons why you are running out of hot water so quickly: There might be sediment or residue in your hot water tank. This can be easily solved with a simple flushing of the hot water tank, also your water heater might be too small to meet your family’s needs or you might have a problem with the dip tube, a plastic pipe that travels from the cold water inlet down to the bottom of the water heater’s tank.
68) What can I put in my garbage disposal?
- You cannot just put anything in your garbage disposal. They only break up soft debris. Things like bones, egg shells or any hard product will wear the blades and jam the disposal. You should always run water to the disposal to help break down the foods and flush through the drain.
69) What are some common DIY plumbing mistakes that I can avoid?
- Not turning off the water, an incomplete toolkit, too much drain cleaner, refusing to admit defeat.
70) What is a Greywater System?
- A greywater system refers to water previously used in a variety of applications, from bathing to hand washing and food preparation. An apparatus that utilizes, cleanses and distributes greywater is called a greywater system
71) What is Eco-Friendly Plumbing?
- Eco-friendly plumbing has many benefits. It helps homes and businesses save money, reduce wastewater and energy use while still getting high-caliber plumbing performance.You may even be surprised at the simplicity of switching to eco-friendly plumbing solutions.
71) Does it matter what size our water pipes are?
- Yes it does matter! The sizing of water pipes contributes to several things, primarily water pressure. While smaller lines may be okay for one fixture, they are not able to supply sufficient water pressure to several fixtures at once.
72) What size basement pump do I need for my home?
- A sump pump is usually what houses use located in areas with basements that receive a lot of rain or are in a floodplain. The sump pump, sometimes called a basement pump, is a plumbing appliance that ensures water is contained then piped away from your home’s foundation, keeping your basement and the rest of your home dry and free of water intrusion and water damage. However, it’s important to understand which size sump pump works best for your particular home.
73) What does it mean when the basement has water coming through the dryer vent and does not drain?
- A downspout is being clogged, you will probably have to get a drain cleaner out with a jetting machine to remove the leaves and debris that have flushed down the line. This is high-pressure water that will force the sand, leaves and debris out of the pipe, so it will flow again.
74) Why is there a foul odor every time we flush our toilet? Could there be a leak in the pipes? What can we do about it?
- Generally when you have a foul odor when flushing the toilet it means the toilet wax ring is not sealed to the toilet or the floor. Whenever you put water into a drain, it first has to push the air away. If the wax ring is not sealed, it will simply push it between the floor and the bottom of the toilet into the room, instead of down the pipe. Because both air and water take up space in the pipe, you can’t put the water in unless you move the air out. Typically we send it up the main vent of the house and out the roof, but if the roof vent is blocked, then there is no place for the air to go. To eliminate the bathroom odor, you should reseal the toilet to the floor and the clear the main vent of debris.
75) I am getting a foul odor from the bathroom in the basement, what can we do?
- Plumbing systems are designed to prevent foul odors from entering the house by means of the trap attached to fixtures. Traps contain water to seal out foul odors; if the water seal evaporates, the odors enter the house. To solve this problem, pour a bucket of water in each trap, sink, shower and floor drain. This will prevent plumbing odors from entering the house.
76) I have a foul odor coming from my garbage disposal. Is there an odor remover I can use to prevent this?
- Foul odors occur from a buildup of food debris within the garbage disposal. To eliminate this drain odor, place ice cubes and lemon or orange peels in the disposal and run for 30 seconds. Next, pour a little liquid dish detergent into the disposal while it is running. To clean out the debris created by the odor removal process, run cold water into the drain for about 30 seconds.
77) What causes a sewer smell from kitchen sink when using the dishwasher?
- If you get a sewer smell when you are using the dishwasher on a kitchen sink, it often means there is a blockage in the vent or the drain of the pipes inside the wall.
78) Difference between pipes and tubes?
- The difference between pipes and tubes is a matter of sizing. For instance, PVC pipe for plumbing applications and galvanized steel pipe are measured in iron pipe size (IPS). Copper tube, CPVC, PeX and other tubing is measured nominally, basically an average diameter.
- Iron is more durable, but copper resists corrosion longer.
- A p-trap is an essential part of almost any drainage system.
81) Where does water come from?
- The running water in a household or business comes either from a public supplier such as a city or from a well on private property. Government entities usually store water in big towers and then deliver it to homes through miles and miles of pipe. Water supplies in general are drawn from some surface sources such as rivers and lakes and from subsurface sources such as aquifers.
82) How hot should hot water be?
- The typical temperature range for a household water heater is between 140 and 160 degrees Fahrenheit, but even 120 degrees is acceptable. A few people set it hotter in hopes that users will draw less water, but overheated water can scald and burn people.
83) Why is plumbing maintenance important?
- The key to avoidance of costly repairs is regular inspection and maintenance. The more attention you pay to the overall system and its individual parts, the more likely it is you’ll detect any changes or variances before they become a problem.
84) Is it safe to flush disposable wipes down the toilet?
- NO DON’T THROW DISPOSABLE WIPES IN YOUR TOILET!
85) Is an on demand water heater right for you?
- A tankless or on demand water heater is just that; a water heater, minus the tank. On demand water heaters only heat water when you turn on a faucet as it flows through the system. There is no storage tank that has to be continually kept at 120F degrees like a traditional tank style water heater.
86) What can a smart water meter do for you?
- A smart water meter can stop leaks, prevent disasters and save water.
87) When should I get a plumbing maintenance?
- Professional plumbers agree that a home’s plumbing system should be checked at least once every 2 years
88) Are copper pipes good?
- Copper pipes are probably the most traditional plumbing pipe. It has superior corrosion resistance and has good material and managed easily.
89) Are copper pipes bad for your health?
- Copper pipes could have problems if the water is acidic.
90) Is touching copper dangerous?
- Contact with metallic copper is not a problem, but copper is not completely safe either.